What is the meaning of Share?

In 2021, the share market has created headlines each morning. Investment in shares has emerged because of the preferred approach of generating long wealth and fulfilling your money goals. In fact, FY21 witnessed a large increase of 142 lac retail investors in India itself. Today, stocks or equities account for 13% of the full investments in India. As an investor, one must perceive the fundamentals of what the share market includes and the way it works.

What is the Meaning Of Share?

A share represents a unit of equity possession by a company. Shareholders are entitled to any profits that the corporate might earn in the sort of dividends. They're conjointly the bearers of any losses that the corporate might face. In easy words, if you're an investor in an organization, you hold a proportion of possession of the supply company in proportion to the shares you have got bought.

Types of Shares

Shares will be classified into 2 types. These are:
They vary based on their profitableness, pick rights, and treatment within the event of liquidation.

Equity Shares

  • These are called common shares and comprise the majority of the shares being issued by a selected company. Equity shares square measure transferable and are listed actively by investors' available markets. As an equity investor, you're not solely entitled to pick rights on company problems however even have the correct to receive dividends.
  • These dividends, however, are not fixed. Equity shareholders conjointly partake in any losses featured by the corporate, restricted to the amount that they had invested. Equity shares will be divided based mostly on: Share capital, Definition, Returns

Classification Of Equity Shares supported Share Capital

Here we could know the classification of equity shares supported share capital:

Authorized Share Capital:

Each company, in its memo of Associations, needs to impose the utmost amount of capital that may be raised by supply equity shares. The limit, however, will be accrued by paying further fees and once the completion of certain legal procedures.

Issued Share Capital:

This means the required portion of the company’s capital, that has been offered to investors through the issuing of equity shares. For example, if the value of 1 stock is Five hundred and therefore the company issues 20,000 equity shares, the issued share capital is going to be Rs 1 lakh.

Subscribed Share Capital: 

  • The portion of the issued capital, that has been signed by investors is understood as subscribed share capital.

Paid-Up Capital:

  • The amount of cash paid by investors for holding the company’s stocks is understood as paid capital. As investors pay the whole amount directly, sign and paid the capital check with constant quantity.

Classification Of Equity Shares supported Definition

Here could explore the equity share classification supported the definition:

Bonus Shares:

  • Bonus share definition implies those further stocks that are issued to existing shareholders free-of-cost, or as a bonus.

Rights Shares:

  • Right shares mean that an organization will give new shares to its existing shareholders - at a selected value and among a selected amount - before being offered for trading in available markets.

Sweat Equity Shares:

  • If as a worker of the corporate, you have got created a big contribution, the corporate will reward you by supplying equity shares.

Voting And Non-Voting Shares:

  • Though the bulk of shares carries pick rights, the corporate will create AN exception and issue differential or zero pick rights to shareholders.

Classification Of Equity Shares supported Returns

Based on returns, there could be an exploration of the categories of shares:

Dividend Shares:

An organization will opt to pay dividends within the sort of supply of new shares, on a pro-rata basis.

Growth Shares:

These types of shares are related to corporations that have extraordinary growth rates. whereas such corporations won't give dividends, the worth of their stocks will increase chop-chop, thereby providing capital gains to investors.

Value Shares:

These types of shares are listed in available markets at costs less than their intrinsic price. Investors will expect the costs to understand over a while, so providing them with a more robust share value.

Preference Shares

Preferential shareholders receive preference in receiving profits of an organization as compared to normal shareholders. Also, in the event of liquidation of a selected company, the discriminatory shareholder's square measure paid off before normal shareholders, the various types of shares in this category are as follows

Cumulative And Non-Cumulative Preference Shares:

In the case of additive stock, if a selected company doesn’t declare an annual dividend, the profit is carried forward to the following year. Non-cumulative stock does not give for receiving outstanding dividends advantages.

Participating/Non-Participating Preference Share:

Collaborating stock permits shareholders to receive surplus profits, once the payment of dividends by the corporate. This can be over and higher than the receipt of dividends. The non-participating stock carries no such edges, except for the regular receipt of dividends.

Convertible/Non-Convertible Preference Shares:

Convertible preferred shares will be regenerated into equity shares, once meeting the requisite stipulations by the company’s Article of Association (AoA), whereas non-convertible preferred shares carry no such advantages.
Redeemable/Irredeemable Preference Share: an organization will repurchase or claim a redeemable preference share at a set value and time. These shares have maturity. Irredeemable stock, on the opposite hand, doesn't have any such conditions.


Investing in shares will show be an excellent source of long wealth generation for a person investor. Stocks give you a range of sectors and industries to settle on, serving to you diversify your portfolio and mitigate your risks.


What is the five percent rule in stocks?

  • In investment, the 5 % rule may be a philosophy that claims associate investors shouldn't portion quite 5 % of their portfolio funds into one security or investment. The rule additionally noted as FINRA 5% policy, applies to transactions like safe transactions and continuing sales

What ought we check before buying a share?

The key factors you ought to understand an organization before buying a stock and financing our valuable money

  • Time Horizon
  • Investment Strategy: ...
  • Check Fundamentals before buying a stock Performance compared to its peers:
  • Shareholder Pattern
  • Mutual Funds Holding
  • Size of the Company
  • Dividend History

What is the principle of share?

  • In addition, this principle of equality of shares reflects the principle of equality of shareholders, which implies that the corporate might not create choices or take alternative measures that are capable of inflicting an investor or another person an undue profit at the expense of the corporate or an investor of the corporate.