What is Exchange Traded Funds?

Etf full form

ETF is an Exchange-traded Fund, that in contrast to regular Mutual Funds trades sort of ordinary shares on a stock exchange.

ETF Meaning

Exchange-traded funds mean as ETFs, are a group of various securities like bonds, shares, market instruments, etc., that usually track an underlying asset. Simply put, ETFs are a mashup of various investment avenues. They provide the simplest attributes of 2 popular financial assets – mutual funds and stocks.

Exchange-traded funds (ETFs) are a sort of index funds that track a basket of securities. Mutual funds are pooled investments into bonds, securities, and alternative instruments that offer returns. Stocks are securities that offer returns supported performance.

The units of an ETF are sometimes bought and oversubscribed through a registered broker of a recognized exchange. The units of AN ETF are listed on available exchanges and also the NAV varies as per market movements. Since units of AN ETF are listed in the stock exchange solely, they're not bought and oversubscribed like every traditional open finish equity fund. AN investor should buy as several units as she needs with no restriction through the exchange.

In the easy terms, ETFs are funds that track indexes like CNX nifty or BSE Sensex, etc. after you purchase shares/units of an ETF, you are buying shares/units of a portfolio that tracks the yield and comes back of its native index. the most difference between ETFs and alternative forms of index funds is that ETFs do not try and outmatch their corresponding index, however, merely replicate the performance of the Index. They do not try and beat the market, they fight to be the market.


Types of Exchange listed Funds (ETFs)

1. Bond ETFs
These are typical ETFs designed to produce exposure to different types of bonds. Finance in bonds could be a great way to mitigate the ups and downs of finance and diversify a portfolio.

2. Currency ETFs:
These securities enable investors to participate in currency market transactions while not buying a selected currency. The motive of such investments is to trace and benefit from the value fluctuations of a specific currency or a basket of currencies.

3. Inverse ETFs:
Such funds are designed to come back the alternative of what's offered by the underlying market index. With these funds, share costs move within the other way of the inverse ETFs’ share.

4. Liquid ETFs:
These funds attempt to minimize value risks and enhance returns by finance during a basket of short government securities, like cash and market instruments with short maturities, whereas at the same time making an attempt to take care of liquidity.

5. Gold ETFs:
Such securities supply investors the path to carry claims within the bullion market while not creating it necessary to buy physical gold. You may conjointly purchase ETFs that target precious metals generally.

6. Index ETFs:
Index funds track the performance of their underlying index. They're additional divided into replication and representative ETFs. Index funds that invest entirely within the securities underlying the index are referred to as replication ETFs. On the contrary, representative ETFs are those that invest a majority of their fund corpus in representative samples and also the remaining in alternative securities like futures, options, etc.

Advantages of Exchange listed Funds (ETFs)

1. Liquidity:
ETFs are oversubscribed throughout the day over stock exchanges, although some funds are a lot of ofttimes listed than others. A lot of often a fund is listed, the simpler it's to seek out a willing seller or buyer.
2. Lower cost:
ETFs have abundant lower expense ratios than traditional mutual funds. This can be a result of ETF shareholders don't seem to be mandated to purchase the team of managers, analysts, and brokers to trade funds on their behalf or manage the fund’s inflows and outflows.
3. Transparency:
Unlike mutual funds that square measure solely educated to disclose their holdings quarterly, ETFs disclose the fund’s holdings and its NAV daily for open-ended schemes and close-ended schemes.
4. Diversification:
ETFs enable investors to diversify their portfolios across horizontals like industries, sectors, styles, or countries. ETFs are listed on just about each major plus category, currency, and commodity within the world.

Uses of ETFs

  • ETFs will prove quite helpful to those investors who demand targeted exposure to a selected business, asset category, region, or currency at an affordable value. Such investors oughtn't to worry about researching specific industries. What’s additional, because of their low operational expenses, they're conjointly appropriate as long-run holdings for ‘buy & hold’ investors.


  • Additionally, they're helpful to people who are wanting forward to the asset allocation approach to finance. It's attainable to seek out an exchange-traded fund that focuses on asset categories and conjointly incorporates a very low coefficient of correlation with the remainder of your portfolio. In alternative words, if your portfolio ‘zigs,’ the ETFs you're seeking tend to ‘zag.’ Ideally, this leads to less volatility for your portfolio.
  • ETFs usually have higher daily liquidity and lower fees than open-end fund schemes, creating them attractive various for individual investors.
  • ETF funds are somewhat almost like mutual funds in terms of their structure, regulation, and management. To boot, rather like mutual funds, they're a pooled investment vehicle that gives wide-ranging investment into numerous plus categories like stocks, commodities, bonds, currencies, options, or a mix of those. Moreover, they will even be listed like stocks on the stock exchanges.



ETF is one of the fastest-growing financial products in history. Currently that you simply are armed with the fundamentals of exchange-traded funds in India, you'll be able to create your mind and choose whether they add up to your portfolio.

What is ETF vs Mutual fund?

With a mutual fund, you purchase and sell supported bucks, not value or shares. And you'll be able to specify any dollar quantity you want—down to the penny or as a pleasant spherical figure, like RS3,000. With AN ETF, you purchase and sell supported market price—and you'll be able to solely trade full shares.