What is a Shareholder?

Shareholder Definition

A shareholder defines as an individual, company, or organization that holds stock(s) in a very given company. A shareholder should own a minimum of 1 share in a company’s stock or fund to create a partial owner. Shareholders usually receive declared dividends if the corporate will well and succeeds.

Also referred to as a shareowner, they need the proper to vote on sure matters regarding the corporate and to be elective to a seat on the board of administrators.

Shareholder Meaning

  • A shareholder is an individual, company, or institution that owns a share or shares of a corporation.
  • In effect, shareholders are owners of the corporate and they reap the advantages of the company’s success within the kind of inflated stock valuations and dividends. Conversely, if the corporate is undergoing a loss, then the shareholder’s portfolio conjointly suffers.
  • The liability of the shareholders isn't personal and if the corporation were to become insolvent, then the shareholder’s assets can not be connected.
  • If the corporate is obtaining liquidated and its assets are oversubscribed, the stockholder could receive some of that money, only if the creditors have already been paid. once such a scenario arises, the advantage of being a shareowner lies within the proven fact that they're not duty-bound to shoulder the debts and money obligations incurred by the corporate, which suggests creditors cannot compel stockholders to pay them.

Shareholder Role

Being a shareholder isn’t all around receiving profits, because it conjointly includes different responsibilities. Let’s cross-check a number of these responsibilities.

Brainstorming and deciding the powers they'll bestow upon the company’s administrators, as well as appointing and removing them from the workplace
Deciding on what proportion the administrators receive for their regular payment. The observation is extremely difficult as a result stockholders should confirm that the amount can offer will atone for the expenses and value of living within the city wherever the director lives, while not compromising the company’s coffers.
Making choices on instances the administrators haven't any power over, as well as creating changes to the company’s constitution
Checking and creating approvals of the money statements of the corporate

Types of Shareholders

There are 2 types of shareholders: the common shareholders and therefore the preferred shareholders.

  • Common shareholders are those who own a company’s stock. they're a lot of prevailing types of stockholders and they have the proper to vote on matters regarding the corporate. As they need management over how the corporate is managed, they need the proper to file class-action proceedings against the corporate for any wrongdoing which will potentially harm the organization.

  • Preferred shareholders, on the opposite hand, are rare. in contrast to common shareholders, they own a share of the corporate’s preference shares and haven't any pick rights or any say within the method the company is managed. Instead, they're entitled to a fixed amount of annual dividend, that they'll receive before the common shareholders are paid their part.
  • Though each stock and preference share see their worth increase with the positive performance of the corporate, it's previous that experiences higher capital gains or losses.

 Shareholder Roles and Responsibilities

  • Deciding on the salaries of the administrators.
  • Deciding the powers which will be given to the company’s administrators.
  • Taking selections on the changes within the company’s constitution.
  • Keeping a check on the money statements of the corporate.

Shareholder Rights

  • The right to examine the books and records of the corporate.
  • The right to vote on company matters like the naming board of administrators.
  • The right to vote via proxy, mail-in ballots, or online pick platforms.
  • The right to gain dividends from the profits of the company.
  • The right to assert proportionate allocation of an issue if the corporate undergoes liquidation.
  • The power to sue the corporation for misdeeds of its administrators and its officers.

Could the shareholder be a Director?

  • The shareholder and director are 2 completely different entities, although a shareholder may be a director at constant time.
  • The shareholder, as already mentioned, may be a possessor of the corporate and is entitled to privileges like receiving profits and exercising management over the management of the corporate. A director, on the opposite hand, is the person employed by the shareholders to perform responsibilities that are related to the company’s daily operations with the intent of up its status.

Shareholder vs. stakeholder

  • Shareholder and stakeholder are typically used interchangeably, with many of us thinking that they're constant. However, the 2 terms don’t mean constant factors. A shareholder is an owner of a corporation as determined by the number of shares they own. A stakeholder who doesn't own a part of the corporate however will have some interest in the performance of a corporation similar to the shareholders. However, their interest could or might not involve cash.
  • For example, a series of hotels that employs 3,000 individuals have many stakeholders, as well as its staff as a result of they believe the corporate for or her job. alternative stakeholders embrace the native and national governments owing to the taxes the corporate should pay annually.

Shareholder vs. Subscriber

Before a corporation becomes public, it starts initially as a personal Ld. that's run, formed, and arranged by a group of individuals referred to as “subscribers.” The subscriber's square measure thought of the primary members of the corporate whose names are listed in the memo of association. Once the corporate goes public, their names still are written in the public register, and they stay per se even once they depart from the corporate.


A majority stockholder owns and controls quite five hundredths of a company's outstanding shares. this type of shareholder is commonly company founders or their descendants. Minority shareholders hold but 500th of a company's stock, when very little together share.


Who is accountable to the shareholders?

The board of directors is elected by the shareholders of an organization to manage and govern the management and to create company choices on their behalf. As a result, the board is directly to blame for protecting and managing shareholders' interests within the company.

What are the advantages of being a shareholder?

They get pleasure from partial possession of the corporate. They will receive dividends from the company's profits. They're exempt from being sued if the corporate goes beneath. They will get pleasure from voting rights relating to {the administrators|the administrators} of the corporate who run it and that they select that powers to grant directors.

What is an inventory of shareholders called?

A stockholder register may be a list of all active and former owners of a company's shares. The register includes details of shareholders, like their name, address, the number of shares they own, category of shares controls, date once they became a shareholder, and once they ceased being a shareowner.