What is a Demat Account?

Today, you hold your shares in electronic format in a Demat account. Those days are gone when you held a physical share certificate once buying a company’s stocks. 

Demat Meaning

 Demat account means the financial tool once it involves holding shares and securities simply and securely without risk.

What is a Demat Account? 

 A Demat account is short for a dematerialized account that enables you to hold company shares and securities electronically. The dematerialized account is the Demat account in full form where you can hold dematerialized securities like stocks, mutual funds, bonds, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), etc. in a Demat account. 

So, once you place an order to buy a stock, the shares get credited to your Demat account. Similarly, once you prefer to sell your shares, they get debited from your Demat account.

You can opt to open simply a Demat account or a 3-in-1 account that links your trading and bank accounts too. 
This allows you to trade without the requirement to move physical share certificates. Not only is it a repository for your investments; however, but it also speeds up transactions and reduces prices.  

Here is why you actually would like a Demat account! 

  •  You cannot buy or sell stocks without a Demat account 
  •  You cannot invest in equity directly without it 
  •   Order by SEBI for transactions of listed company securities 

The National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) was established in 1996 and introduced the conception of Demat accounts, which may be used to electronically store shares and securities of corporations. If you own physical shares, you would like to convert them to electronic shares before employing a Demat account. This process is usually called Dematerialization.

Importance of Demat account 

With a Demat account, you'll hold good sorts of investments like bonds, equity shares, government securities, mutual funds, and exchange-traded funds (ETFs). Almost like a bank account, a Demat account is either attributable or debited on every occasion you buy or sell shares of an organization. 

It does not solely eliminate extra work but additionally helps streamline the method of share trading. All of the Demat accounts in India are maintained by 2 depositories, they are specifically National Securities depository Limited (NSDL) and Central depository Services Limited (CDSL). 

How will a Demat Account work? 

The nature of a Demat account is the same as a savings account in banks. Similar to one that will store profit electronic form into the savings account, the investor will store securities in the Demat account of a depository participant (DP)or broker related to the NSDL or CDSL.

Once shares or securities are purchased, the Demat account is attributable. However, the account is debited once shares or securities are sold-out. For transacting inequity and securities through your Demat account, it's a necessity to link it to your trading and bank account

Documents needed for Demat account opening 

For the appropriate and convenient method of opening a Demat account, you require some essential documents given below. 

  • Proof of identity with a photograph. An example, Aadhaar cards, PAN cards, election ID cards, licenses, etc. 
  • Proof of residence - Registered lease agreements, driver's licenses, passports, electricity bills, property tax bills (if applicable), insurance copy, gas bills, etc. 
  • Proof of bank account - The three months bank's passbook statement. 
  • Proof of Income - Salary slips or taxes (compulsory for the currency and derivatives segment)

Contact for opening a Demat Account: Contact us

Demat account fees 

In India many leading depository participants or brokers offer services. They charge a particular sum to open these accounts, which may vary for each participant. It makes it difficult for investors to understand the nature of services and charges a depository participant charges. To create it simple for you to know, here's a short clarification of the particulars of every service. 

Types of Demat accounts 

 The 3 types of Demat accounts offered by depository participants. 

Regular Demat accounts 

 These are Regular Demat accounts for Indians. If you’re a resident of India dealing with equity trading and investment, a regular Demat account is good for you. 

Repatriable Demat accounts 

This is one of the 2 types of Demat accounts obtainable for NRIs. A repatriable account allows you to transfer your international funds if you’re an NRI. You would like to link this account with a Non-resident External (NRE) bank account to repatriate your funds. 

Non-repatriable Demat accounts 

If you’re an NRI, you'll also prefer to open a non-repatriable account. This type of account doesn't permit you to transfer funds abroad. It must be connected to a Non-resident ordinary (NRO) checking account. 

Features of Demat account 

After opening a Demat account, you'll access various features 

Share transfer: 

You simply got to send a punctually signed Delivery Instruction Slip (DIS) to your depository participant to transfer your shares. 

Loan collateral: 

 you'll be able to pledge the securities you hold in a very Demat account and use them as collateral for securing a loan from a financial institution. 

Temporary freeze: 

You can temporarily freeze your Demat account for a particular period. However, this feature is generally solely created and offered if you hold a selected range of shares in your account. 

Quick transfer 

 Best Demat accounts supply a quick transfer of benefits like dividends, bonus issue of shares, stock splits, interest, and refunds 

Speed e-facility: 

 NSDL permits you to send instruction slips to your facility participant electronically. This not solely makes the complete method quicker but additionally less inconvenient. 

Easier holding: 

It is easy when we keep physical certificates is cumbersome and risky. Opening a Demat account digitizes the certificates authorizing easier holding and added security. 

Multiple Access Points:

 Being digital, Demat accounts are accessed from any place and with any digital device like computers, mobile phones, or other smart devices. 

Benefits of a Demat Account 

  In addition to being an essential part of the share market, Demat accounts go together with many benefits: 

  •  Swift settlements and deliveries 
  •  Increased share trading volume and market participation 
  •  Increased transparency 
  •  Eliminates paperwork 
  •  Quick and simple communication with investors 
  •  Little to no risks are concerned 
  •  Builds trust and will increase investor confidence 

Tips to decide on the good Demat Account for You 

Examine whether the Demat maintenance charges are inexpensive. 

Maintenance of Demat accounts involves annual charges regardless of your transactional activity. You must, therefore, look into the range of charges attached to the Demat account and DP the foremost economical account. 

Enquire concerning the account opening process 

The Demat account opening is easy and fast. Opening a Demat account involves a detailed process as per SEBI guidelines. The depository participant will change it with the assistance of e-KYC. 

Check for a smooth and continuous interface for broking and banking 

Depository participants also supply Demat accounts that function as trading accounts too, therefore providing seamless transfer of cash throughout the sale or purchase of shares and securities. an interface between the 2 accounts not solely simplifies transactions but additionally makes them economical.


Buying stocks in the share market is done solely through a trading account that is later held in a Demat account. Therefore, to understand the complete potential of a Demat account, it's imperative to link it with a trading account. 

Frequently Asked Questions

What does one mean by freezing and De-freezing of Demat Account? 

You can freeze and de-freeze your Demat account as your,  want by submitting the relevant forms for the requests. 

How to convert Mutual funds to Demat? 

You can convert your Mutual Funds to a Demat form within the same means you dematerialize your securities. This helps you manage your securities and investment trust investing in a single Demat account. This rules out the work involving mutual funds.  

What documents are needed to open a Demat account online? 

For the online Demat account open you wish to own the subsequent documents: 
1. Identity proof 
2. Address proof 
3. Income Proof 
4. A bank account 
5. PAN Card
6. Passport size photograph 

Can I have multiple Demat accounts? 

Yes, it's okay to own multiple Demat accounts. The sole condition is that you just cannot have multiple Demat accounts with an equivalent broker or depository participant. Understand all you wish to regard Demat account options, advantages 

Can I open a Demat account?

Yes, you can open a Demat account with your Documents.