etf vs mutual fund which is better

Whenever investors are trying to invest their cash, a financial consultant can likely suggest many investment choices that embody Exchange-traded Funds(ETFs) and Mutual funds. ETFs and mutual funds have bound similarities among them. But, some major differences between ETFs and mutual funds place them separately. Each of them has a range of various assets. Also, they represent a typical avenue for investors to diversify their portfolios. Here, in this blog, we'll come to know about ETF vs Mutual Funds thoroughly.

What is ETF?

  • Exchange-traded Funds (ETFs) are passive investment instruments that just replicate an index. In different words, the portfolio of an ETF matches the composition of an index within the same portion. ETFs track the performance of an index. Hence, they're not actively managed by a portfolio manager. Also, these funds don't plan to sell the individual index.
  • One will simply get and sell ETFs on a stock exchange.  ETF value will vary throughout the day. The market value is decided supported by the net asset price of the underlying assets or stock in it.
  • There are different types of ETFs. A number of them are a current ETF, bond ETF, inverse ETF, equity ETF, goods ETF, gold ETF, etc.

What is Mutual Fund?

  • A mutual fund could be a professionally managed cash tool. It pools cash from totally different investors. The cash pool is invested in securities like stocks, government bonds, company bonds, and securities industry instruments.
  • An asset management company manages the mutual fund. The primary step starts with pooling cash from investors. Mutual funds invest this pooled cash in building a portfolio of different asset categories like equity, debt securities industry instruments, and different funds.
  • Therefore, associate degree capitalist has the advantage of diversification through mutual funds. For example, mutual funds invest in government bonds. As a retail capitalist, it gets difficult to afford such high-value bonds.
  • A mutual fund is managed by a team of experts and fund managers who decide all the investments to create a portfolio. The fund manager makes investment choices in step with the objective of the mutual fund. Therefore, a mutual fund is an actively managed fund by a fund manager.
  • Since investment in the stock exchange needs plenty of analysis and time, investment company investments accompany this advantage. Thus, investors need not worry about learning about the stock exchange.
  • The market price of the portfolio depends on the value movement of the underlying assets. The portfolio price is that the total net assets divided by the number of outstanding units. This can be known as net asset Value(NAV). The higher NAV reflects the portfolio gains, whereas the lower NAV indicates a loss in the portfolio's worth.
  • Mutual funds will be broadly classified as equity funds, debt funds (Fixed financial gain funds), and hybrid funds. An equity fund preponderantly invests in equities or stocks of firms. A debt fund, also called a fixed income fund invests in debt securities. Whereas, a hybrid fund, invests in each equity and debt security in varying proportions.


Difference Between ETF vs mutual fund
  Portfolio Management    

  • ETF:

Passively managed portfolios. These funds just track the index. A fund manager comes with the market data and experience and helps investors to manage their assets. They take all the investment choices on behalf of the investors. 

  • Mutual Funds:  

 Actively managed funds by a fund manager.

 Trading Freely  

  • ETF:

Trading in the market. Investors should buy and sell at their convenience. The value of an ETF is out there on a live basis, similar to standard equity shares. In easy words, the value of the ETF changes throughout the day    

  •  Mutual Funds:

Investors should buy and sell their investment fund units solely by putting asking with the fund house. Its NAV determines the market value of the fund. Hence, NAV indicates the value of each unit of a mutual fund.

Management Fees    

  • ETF:

It requires would like active portfolio management as they replicate the performance of the index. Hence, the fund management fees and different expenses related to ETF investments are low    

  •  Mutual Funds:

The fund manager actively takes investment choices on behalf of the investors. Hence, the fund management expenses are higher. the explanation is, that these fees are mirrored within the expense ratio of the fund. the upper the fees, the upper the expense ratio of that specific mutual fund.


  • ETF:

It is traded like all different shares on the stock market. As a result, investors needn't pay any commission on sale or purchase of any units as per the prevailing rules.

  •  Mutual Funds:

 No commission available or purchase of any mutual fund. 


  • ETF:

When a trader decides to move their managed portfolio to a unique investment trust, a complication will arise at that point. within the case of ETFs, the transferring is incredibly clean and simple whereas shifting investment corporations. they're thought about as transportable investments.    

  •  Mutual Funds

Mutual Funds exchangeability could be a bit sophisticated. One has to shut the fund positions before transferring the funds to totally different investment corporations. This can be a drag for investors, as some untimely closure of investments may end up in losses.


  • ETF

liquidity is said to be the liquidity of stocks enclosed within the index.

  • Mutual Funds

Lower liquidity compared to ETFs. 

Index Tracking    

  • ETFs

track an index, i.e. tries to match an index’s worth movements and returns by collecting a portfolio the same as the index constituents.    

  •  Mutual funds

Professionals are actively managed mutual funds those who follow index tracking. The fund managers decide the assets of the portfolio to beat the index and accomplish higher performance. 

Lock-in amount    

  • ETF

It has No Lock-in Period. The investors are liberated to sell the investments as and once they like    

  • Mutual funds:

Only ELSS incorporates a lock-in period of three years. different mutual funds don't have a lock-in amount.

Which one is better between ETFs and Mutual Funds?

Both the investment options, i.e. ETF and mutual fund, facilitate investors build a varied investment portfolio. However, there are several factors that one should take into account before selecting a fund. The factors like,

  • Investor’s risk tolerance level
  • Investors time horizon
  • Investor’s money goals
  • The tax savings strategy
  • Liquidity of investment

Once the investor has narrowed down the top, they'll like better to invest in ETFs vs mutual funds that supported their necessities. For a few investors, liquid investments take precedence over future investments. Exchange-traded Fund (ETFs) supply additional flexibility and better returns in the short term. At the identical time, investors who invest in mutual funds should keep invested with for a more extended amount that helps them produce a corpus for the longer term. The decision depends on the investor together should take into account all the factors before selecting to speculate in an ETF vs Mutual fund.

Additionally, there's another practical purpose to notice before choosing to speculate in an ETF. an investor should have a Demat account or a trading account to speculate in an Exchange-traded Fund in India. If an investor isn't comfortable opening a Demat account or a trading account, ETFs don't seem to be acceptable for them. However, investors will like better to invest in passively managed indices through index funds. Index funds are a kind of investment company scheme that mimics the portfolio composition of a market index. for example, an investor will like better to invest in an XYZ. ETF neat fifty index fund of a fund house.


The nature of each ETF and Mutual fund is incredibly similar. An investor will create a wise and healthy mixture of these investment instruments to create a diversified portfolio. However, as an investor, they have to perceive the functionality of both these funds. Also, investors should assess the market risks they're willing to require. It's also best to consult a financial advisor before making an investment decision.


Which one is risker a mutual fund or an ETF?

Both mutual funds and ETFs are thought-about low-risk investments compared to cherry-picked stocks and bonds. whereas investment generally continually carries some level of risk, each mutual funds and ETFs carry regarding a similar level. It depends on the individual mutual fund and ETF you are investing in

Why are ETFs cheaper than mutual funds?

The end results: mutual fund shareholders find themselves paying income taxes on those distributions, and also the fund company spends time handling transactions, increasing its operative expenses. Since the sale of ETF shares doesn't need the fund to liquidate its holdings, its expenses are lower.